Patrice Lumumba once said, ‘political independence has no meaning if it is not accompanied by rapid economic and social development.’
Please, during the Inaugural Speech, you said, “I ask you to be citizens not spectators: citizens not subjects…The change we have voted for has to start with each individual. I ask you to be responsible citizens.” It is by these words I have decided to write you this second letter. Please, I would like to draw to your attention, a scientific solution that has the power to transmute the enormous environmental and sanitation problems confronting Ghana into a multi billion diesel and aviation fuel plant in Africa.
The employment chain reactions that would be triggered by the implementation of this solution are far beyond the revenue inhaled by Ghanaians from the national oil reserve. Napoleon Hill was very right when he said, “More gold has been mined from the thoughts of men than has been taken from the earth.”
On June 4, 1992, the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, brought together over 2300 NGO representatives globally to find a solution to global environmental problems of which Ghana is also entangled with.
The quest to preserve and protect the environment from plastic wastes has eluded global leaders for decades. The United Nations Environment predicts that there will be more plastic in the oceans than fish by 2050 if our bad practices are not curbed. Many countries which include Mauritania, Ethiopia, Malawi, Kenya and Mali have instituted stringent rules to ban usage of some plastic products.
A study suggests that every Ghanaian generates 0.50 kg of solid waste daily (L. Demedeme, 2008) which estimates 14 million tons of waste with current population of about 28,000,000 (UNESCO Institute for Statistics projection). Municipal Solid Waste has about 30% plastic wastes composition which means about 4.2 million tons of plastic wastes generated daily in Ghana. Only 10% of waste generated gets to landfill sites, the rest find their ways into drainage systems, water bodies and finally into Atlantic Ocean.
This problem we are all aware contribute to the annual ‘Flood Festival’ in Accra and other places. However, the banning of plastic products usage in Ghana is not the ultimate solution because Walter Zimmermanntold us to look at plastic wastes from resources perspective when he said, “resources are not, they become.”
Mr President, please the ultimate solution to the problem now rests in the head and laboratory of Dr James Ransford Dankwah, a Metallurgist and Senior Lecturer at the University of Mines and Technology, Tarkwa, Ghana. He uses cheap yet efficient locally made catalysts that transform the plastic wastes into diesel, kerosene and aviation fuel through simple metallurgical alchemy. His catalysts are cheaper unlike Japan and China who use expensive catalysts like palladium and iridium for this similar process.
Dr Dankwah generates 70 – 80% liquid diesel and aviation fuel with room of expanding to 90% liquid diesel and aviation fuel. This means that 10 Kg plastic wastes will give 8 Kg of diesel and aviation fuel. The fascinating thing about Dr Dankwah’s research is that the 20% gaseous hydrocarbons could be harnessed and used as fuel for the recycling plant to drastically reduce the cost of production to be spent on energy.
Please, the aim of business is its economic viability. Using the cheap catalysts and simple approach of Dr Dankwah, it is estimated that 40% diesel generated will make the factory profitable. So 70-80% diesel will make the business lucrative and create jobs for plastic wastes collectors, buyers, skilled graduates, marketers, and exporters whiles eliminating periodic floods, cholera, malaria, and sanitation problems from Ghana.
This will make Ghana the premier country to embark on environmental conservation by recycling plastic wastes in Africa. It would be a huge achievement step to eradicate the numerous environmental problems engulfing Ghana.
I would conclude by saying the one million votes difference that made you the captain of the national ship still remain the thumbs who need action not words; they are still the great minds who are willing to help make Ghana an industrial hub; they are still the spirits that are fed up with unemployment crises and economic stagnation in Ghana. Please, kindly add the innovative diesel production technology to the ‘One District, One Factory’ Policy. Winnie Byanyima of Oxfam International was right when she said, “What is growth for if not for ordinary people thrive?”
kindly click on the video below to watch how the transformation of plastic waste into Diesel, kerosene and aviation occurs.